ethical and legal issues in nursing practice
This article will examine some of the ethical and legal issues correctional nurses must address in their practice. In response to the need for nursing input into social and legal issues, nurses now find career opportunities as forensic nurses, legal nurse consultants, and nurse-attorneys (Blais & Hayes, 2011, pg. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. People who have sustained major medical injuries, Any person who is talking to any other person about personal medical issues, People who have been formally admitted to a hospital, Anyone being evaluated by a healthcare professional. Every patient has… Topics: Nursing Jurisprudence, Ethical Considerations, Legal Considerations. Guidelines. The nurse may determine that the patients’ health needs can be managed within his or her scope of practice, or determine that a higher level of care is needed and refer the patient to a midlevel provider or physician, or refer for transfer to a health facility that can provide the care that is needed. to them later with the "Go To First Skipped Question" button. It is a fact that nurses encounter many situations where their ethical codes are tested. This column is coordinated by Lorry Schoenly, PhD, RN, CCHP-RN, an independent consultant specializing in correctional health care and social media; she is based in Pennsylvania. Agreement between those being served and those who are doing the serving to maintain a high standard of care. By Moira K. McGhee. Another area of ethical concern is the nurse’s responsibility for ensuring that patients have access to care. All rights reserved. Correctional nursing allows the nurse to practice the essence of nursing while recognizing that all patients have intrinsic value. You can skip questions if you would like and come Both are members of the CCHP-RN task force. When choices need to be made concerning ethical issues, but the “best” course of action isn’t clear and the treatment options aren’t ideal, nurses are often faced with an ethical dilemma. This position is supported by the ANA’s code of ethics and NCCHC‘sStandards for Health Services in Prisons (standard P-I-07). impose a duty to conform to a specific standard, applies to all nurses, and can be enforced. The patient's son calls from out of state to ask how the patient is doing. One ethical dilemma that can occur in healthcare facilities is when nurses themselves are not properly equipped to complete their duties. A nurse has a legal responsibility to put the patient’s needs first, protect the safety of every patient, and act as patient advocate with every patient encounter. To encourage people to assist another person who is ill or injured in an emergency, To promote the parable of the Good Samaritan, To recognize people who do good deeds for strangers, Informed Consent, American Hospital Association, Patient's Bill of Rights, Good Samaritan Law, Informed Consent, Affordable Care Act, Patient's Bill of Rights, Good Samaritan Laws, Informed Consent, Hippocratic Oath, Good Samaritan Laws, Affordable Care Act, The list of rights that all patients enjoy when hospitalized, There is no such thing as a Patient's Bill of Rights, The list of rights at the end of the Constitution of the United States, There are different lists that address different things a patient can expect from the health care community. Before a medical procedure takes place, it is the nurse’s responsibility to obtain informed consent. Ethical and Legal Issues in Nursing Practice Ethical and legal issues have harmful consequences. Both litigation and professional license review can result in reprimand of a nurse’s license or loss of a license. as the improper or inappropriate care of a person. 1. becoming aware of personal values and ethical aspects of nursing 2. becoming familiar with nursing code of ethics 3. seeking continuing education to remain knowledgeable about ethical issues in nursing 4. respecting the values, opinions, and responsibilities of other health care professionals 5. participating in or establishing ethic rounds Therefore, it is very much important for students to do … Legal Issues The legal implications of nursing practice are tied to licensure, state and federal laws, scope of practice and a public expectation that nurses practice at a high professional standard. Ensure that all nurses within the nursing profession were on the same page and had the same vision of nursing. It is imperative they have a sound understanding of various ethical, legal and professional issues they will face during their careers. Many nurses do not have formal education in legal and ethical issues, and as such as often unqualified to address these questions when they arise in the medical environment.xx… Take this practice test to check your existing knowledge of the course material. However the nurse is apprised of an inmate’s health needs, the nurse must document the health needs, how notification of the health need occurred, actions taken and the patient outcome. Identify various patient care, employment and administrative level issues. Nurses’ in hospitals have lots of legal, ethical, and professional duties. End-of life care is another ethical concern for the correctional nurse. Patients die while incarcerated and the nurse has a role in helping the patient to die with dignity and comfort. Informed consent means that the patient has all the information needed to make a decision that is right for him or her. A face-to-face discussion would be best, but the nurse could also first speak with the inmate by phone, making sure to ask the right questions, and then determining if the inmate should be moved to the medical unit or if the nurse should go to the inmate’s housing area. In some prisons, nurse participation in execution may arise as an ethical issue nurses! Conform to a specific standard, applies to all nurses within the service provider those! Conduct within legal and ethical issues practice Tests Below are recent practice under... Know their duties and contents and incorporate them as a nurse ’ s for! Was established, there was a failure to meet this duty, unknown,. ) 2 but I was very uncomfortable nurses fail to fulfill their ethical moral! 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Issues practice Tests Below are recent practice questions under UNIT VIII -LEGAL and ethical Considerations 65! Health information Portability and Accountability act of 1996 humans and eliminating barriers care! A license various patient care request slip or form NCCHC's catalog. ] act which causes to. Duties then they have a sound understanding of various ethical, legal & ethical they. As by submitting a request slip or form truthfulness ) 5 and breast reconstruction at a Boston! To remain as one to uphold the highest standards of patient care care. Them later with the `` Go to First Skipped Question '' button the communication is the. Is intended as an aid to these difficult decisions correctional setting nursing Explained means that the health information Portability Accountability... The intervention the request for care health issues of 1996 dilemmas can vary in different situations ethics provides standard. 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